Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) is the oldest medical specialty in america. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures from the head and neck. They may be commonly referred to as ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, as well as structures of the neck and face.
Hearing loss affects one out of ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is dealing with ear disorders. They can be trained both in the medical and surgical procedures of hearing difficulties, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), and several cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders of the outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis annually, making it one of the more common health complaints in the united states. Care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of otolaryngologist los angeles. Problems inside the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction caused by a deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating dinner all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is expertise in managing diseases of the throat, larynx (voice box), along with the upper aero-intestinal tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
The top and neck?
This area of the body includes the main functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the look of the face area. In the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are qualified to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities in the face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists will be ready to start practicing after completing around 15 years of college and post-graduate training. To qualify for certification with the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (4 years), medical school (4 years), as well as at least 5 years of specialty training. Next, the doctor must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. In addition, some otolaryngologists pursue a one- or two- year fellowship for further extensive education in among eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these simple eight areas.
What are the seven regions of expertise in the area of otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, as well as other sensitivities which affect the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical procedures of abnormalities in the face and neck and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), face lift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, hair loss and other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors in the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), for example the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump within the neck or thyroid, cancer of the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders of your throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases of your ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; hearing problems; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in youngsters with special ENT problems including birth defects of your head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders of your nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, lack of smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists differ from many physicians in they are trained in both medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not require to refer patients with other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgery is needed and, therefore, may offer the most suitable look after each individual patient. Otolaryngologists are the best physicians to help remedy disorders of your ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck.